Hq 21st Inf Regt

Kajong-ni, Korea

302400 April 1951

Command Report V

From: 312400 March 1951

To : 302400 April 1951

S-2 COMMAND REPORT

The 21st Infantry Regiment was located near Sungan-ni at the beginning of the period. The 3d Battalion seized Objective "L" on Line Benton during the period reporting no enemy activity. The 2d Battalion was under operational control of the 5th RCT. The 1st Battalion was relieved by elements of the 27th BCB during the period.

There was no estimate of enemy strength made at the beginning of the period nor were there any new enemy unit identifications made.

During the night of 31 March, a patrol from B Company sighted an enemy patrol on whom they brought artillery fire, dispersing same. The 1st Battalion remained in defensive positions from CS655978 to CS580971 where they had physical contact with the 19th ROK Regiment. The Battalion also had 1 platoon of A Company on Hill 974 CS641978 during the night. The 27th BCB relieved the 1st Battalion during the period. (See Incl II, Sub-Incl 1, Annex A).

The 2d Battalion remained under operational control of the 5th RCT during the period.

The 3d Battalion had encountered stubborn resistance in attempting to take Objective Love just prior to the beginning of the period. During the night of 31 March Companies I and L set up a perimeter defense, with Company K tying in with L Company later. Company K had its left flank at CS618974. At 0700 1 April, Company I moved off into the attack and Company L jumped off at 0730. At 0800 the 3d Battalion reported no enemy activity. The battalion was notified later to move to a new assembly area upon relief by the 27th BCB, leaving one (1) platoon of I Company on Hill 974 CS641978 and the remainder of the Company in position on Hill 1250, CS623987. (See Incl II, Sub-Incl 1, Annex A).

On 3 April the enemy strength was estimated at least two (2) companies, located in well dug in positions covering the approaches to the 38th Parallel. It appeared that the enemy was abandoning his previous tactics of leaving a small delaying force of platoon size or less, and was beginning to defend in strength. The enemy was considered capable of defense to our front and initiating small counterattacks to retain or regain key terrain features. (See Incl II, Sub-Incl 3, Annex A).

During this period the 2d Battalion was ordered to attack and secure Phase Line Texas, while the 1st and 3d Battalions moved into assembly areas. At first the lead companies of the 2d Battalion observed no enemy, and secured the first five objectives by 0930 hours. at 1030 hours G Company placed artillery fire on approximately fifty (50) enemy observed on Hill 1010, CT602053 with unknown results. At 1320 hours, as F and G Companies advanced on Hill 1010, they received small arms and automatic weapons fire. Once again artillery was placed on the hill, and the enemy fire was lessened. Companies F and G continued the attack, utilizing close in artillery support, and secured the Objective at 1505 hours at which time F Company observed approximately one hundred [100) enemy moving north in the vicinity of CT608059. Artillery was placed with good results. An F Company patrol encountered an enemy anti-personnel mine field vicinity CT5860058 but the number and pattern of the field was unknown at the close of this period. (See Incl II, Sub-Incl 3, Annex A).

Total enemy casualties during this action were estimated at 52 KIA, (15 actual count), 150 WIA and 1 prisoner. When the prisoner was interrogated, he revealed his unit to be the 3d Battalion, 60th Regiment (360th Regiment ?), 120th Division, 40th CCF Army, 4th Field Army. (See Incl III, Sub Incl 3).

The 1st Battalion was moved from its assembly area to the left flank of the 2d Battalion towards the close of the period, receiving six (6) or eight (8) rounds of mortar fire from Hill 271 Just prior to the close of the period. (See Incl III, Sub-Incl 3).

On 4 April the 1st and 2d Battalions continued the attack to seize and secure Phase Line Kansas during the period. The 3d Battalion was in reserve. B Company received three (3) rounds of 81mm mortar and five (5) rounds of artillery fire in the vicinity of CT553054 at 0600 hours. Later, A Company also received 81mm mortar fire from the vicinity of Hill 271. This fire continued intermittently until 1215 hours when it increased in intensity as A Company moved forward to assault Hill 271. Artillery fire was placed on the area and the mortar fire ceased. However, as soon as the artillery fire was lifted, enemy mortar fire began again. A Company also received enemy small arms, automatic weapons and machine gun fire from an estimated enemy company dug in on and around Hill 271. In the meantime C Company received ten ( 10 ) rounds of estimated 81mm mortar fire. C Company seized and secured Hill 212, CT562073.

The 2d Battalion reported at 0813 hours that F Company had received small arms and automatic weapons fire from vicinity CT609060. Artillery fire was placed on the area with unknown results. At 0852 hours, as F Company continued moving forward, they again received small arms and automatic weapons fire from the same vicinity, and again placed artillery fire with unknown results. At 0925 hours, E Company received small arms and automatic weapons fire from the slope of Hill 1168 and they placed artillery fire on the hill with unknown results. At 1210 hours F and G Companies received some 60mm mortar fire in the vicinity of CT610070. They encountered an enemy mine field in this vicinity which delayed the advance. F Company also encountered an enemy mine field in the vicinity of CT613077. Contact was broken at 1625 hours when the battalion was ordered to secure Phase Line Ohio. Contact with the enemy had been continuous from 0813 hours to 1625 hours. In most cases the fighting had been conducted at a distance of 25 yards or less, with close in artillery support. Estimate of enemy encountered by the 2d Battalion was at least two (2) reinforced companies. Enemy casualties for the period were estimated at 86 KIA (32 counted) ; 218 WIA. The battalions also captured the following enemy materiel: One ( 1 ) Light Machine Gun, two (2) M-3 Sub-Machine Guns, one (1) US Carbine and many concussion type hand grenades. (See Incl II, Sub-Incl 4, Annex A).

The PW captured by the 2d Battalion on 3 April was brought into the S-2 for interrogation at 2200 hours 4 April. He stated that there were two (2) enemy companies on Hill 1010, and two (2) companies on Hill 1168. He also stated that the 58th (358th), 59th (359th), 60th (360th) Regiments were in the 120th Division, and that the 59th Regiment was presently in reserve. (See Incl II, Sub-Incl 4).

During this period, the enemy strength was estimated at two (2) battalions on Hill 1168 extending northwest to Hill 271, well dug in. The conclusion drawn from a study of increased enemy resistance, in strength, mine fields covered by automatic weapons fire and extensive use mortar and artillery fire by the CCF indicated that a portion of the enemy’s MLR had been exposed in this area. If this were true, the enemy was capable of defense in the area and of local counterattacks to retain or regain commanding terrain features in the area. (See Incl II, Sub-Incl 4, Annex A).

On 5 April the 1st and 2d Battalions continued the attack to seize and secure Phase Line Kansas. It was estimated that the strength of the enemy facing the 21st Infantry was at least two (2) battalions well dug in and well camouflaged to the immediate front of Phase Line Kansas. It was concluded that the enemy was capable of defense in the area they occupied and of local counterattacks to retain or regain favorable terrain features. (See Incl II, Sub Incl 5, Annex A).

The 1st Battalion received small arms and mortar fire from Hill 271 at 2240 hours 4 April, but the enemy fire ceased when friendly artillery was placed on the area. At 0850 hours 5 April, the 1st Battalion moved forward toward Hill 271, and secured it with no enemy contact reported. At approximately 1010 hours, A Company received 81mm mortar and flat trajectory fire on Hill 271. The mortar fire came from vicinity CT582102 and it was believed the flat trajectory fire came from vicinity CT563100. At the same time, C Company in vicinity CT563074 received 81mm mortar fire from vicinity CT582102, and six (6) rounds of long range artillery fire, possibly 150mm, believed to be coming from CT588134. The mortar and flat trajectory fire continued intermittently throughout the day. A Company placed artillery fire on CT586135 at about 1700 hours, as it was believed the flat trajectory fire was coming from there. (See Incl 4, Sub-Incl 5, Annex A).

The 2d Battalion moved forward with E Company going north to the CT59 grid line, While F and G Companies advanced against Hill 1168, CT614078. At 1010 hours, F Company received long range small arms fire and automatic weapons fire from its objective hill. At the same time G Company was brought under enemy small arms and automatic weapons fire and mortar fire. As both companies continued their advance, the enemy fire increased in intensity. Both companies continued moving forward as artillery and mortar fire were placed on the enemy positions. Wben F and G Companies reached CT612075 and CT617074 respectively, they encountered barbed wire on the rocky crags of the high ground in addition to tbe enemy fire already mentioned. The advance continued under cover of close artillery and mortar support and at 135O hours, Hill 1168 was secured. Many enemy booby traps were found on the hill. F and G Companies reorganized and continued the attack. G Company received small arms fire from an estimated enemy platoon on the ridge vicinity CT620086. The enemy dispersed northward when artillery and mortar fire were placed on them. At 1730 hours the attack was stopped and the companies tied in their flanks and set up a perimeter defense for the night. It was estimated that the enemy facing the 2d Battalion was at least two (2) reinforced companies. (See Incl II, Sub Incl 5, Annex A).

The estimated enemy casualties during the period totalled 29 KIA (5 counted) and 75 WIA. (See Incl II, Sub-Incl 5, Annex A).

During the period, Chinese transmissions were monitored on an SCR300 radio, Channel 9. The conversation was in Chlnese and was evidently a headquarters station or a net control station. It did not use a call sign. Several of the transmissions made reference to the 60th Regiment which is believed to be the 360th Regiment, 120th Division, 40th CCF Army. (See Incl II, Sub-Incl 5, Annex A).

On 6 April, the 1st and 2d Battalions continued to move forward in the attack to better positions along Phase Line Kansas.

At 1030 bours, as A, B and C Companies were moving forward, B Company and the left flank of A Company received small arms and automatic weapons fire from vicinity CT565113. At approximately the sametime C Company received small arms and automatic weapons fire from Hill 736, CT553108. The battalion continued its advance as tank and artillery fire was placed on both these areas. The forward elements of the battalion were held up at 1123 hours by heavy small arms and automatic weapons fire from CT550105, CT575106 and CT585108. Once again, artillery and mortar fire were placed on these areas. All the lead elements of the 1st Battalion received small arms, automatic weapons and mortar fire, as well as fire from what was believed to have been a 57mm recoilless rifle or SP gun from vicinity of Hill 258, CT586109, while the small arms, automatic weapons and mortar fire came from ridges in the vicinity of Hill 736, CT553108 and Hill 258, CT58109. The 1st Battalion estimated that there was at least an enemy battalion well dug in and camouflaged on the above mentioned ridges. About 1300 hours, a wounded EM from A Company was captured by twelve (12) CCF troope, armed with M1903 US rifles and sub-machine guns. They moved north with the prisoner and one CCF soldier, who spoke very good English, questioned the wounded man as to the location of artillery and mortar positlons. The man escaped when a platoon from B Company approached the group, being pushed into a hole by the enemy who then fled to the north. (See Incl II, Sub-Incl 6, Annex A).

During this period, the 2d Battalion experienced considerable difficulties with its communications system, hence a complete report was not received. However, this much was learned: G Company continued its advance against small arms and automatic weapons fire from CT616103 and long range small arms and automatic weapons fire from CT 604108 (Hill 774). At approximately the same time, E Company also received long range small arms and automatic weapone fire from CT593106. Artlllery and mortar fire were placed on both areas, and E and G Companies continued their advance. At approximately 1200 hours, G Co reached its objective, while E Company was still advancing against small arms and automatic weapons fire. At 1220 hours, E Company received mortar fire from vicinity CT597101. As the company continued its advance, friendly artillery and mortar fire were placed on the area. When E Company was in the vicinity of CT597101 at 1655 hours, it received small arms, automatic weapons, machine gun fire and hand grenade from the ridges to the north and northeast. Total enemy casualties estimated for the period were: 55 KIA and 98 WIA.

The 1st Battalion monitored several Chinese transmissions on an SCR 300 radio, Channel 9, once again during this period. The transmissions gave the location of reserves, orders to enemy units on the line etc. (See Incl II, Sub-Incl 6, Annex A).

A report received from civilians by the Civil Assistance Team, 21st Infantry, on 6 April, indicated that the North Koreans, before withdrawing from Kilgoji, CT512007, left behind a number of North Koreans dressed in civilian clothes.

The enemy strength estimated during the period was at least two (2) battalions, well dug in and camouflaged on Hill 736, CT553108, Hill 258, CT585108 and Hill 774, CT604108. There were no new enemy unit identifications made during the period.

On 7 April, the 1st Battalion, reinforced by Company K, moved forward to secure more favorable terrain forward of Phase Line Kansas, while the 2d Battalion patrolled agressively from thelr positions. The 3d Battalion remained in reserve.

The enemy strength for the period was estimated as two (2) battalions well dug in and camouflaged on high ground to the 21st Infantry immediate front.

As the 1st Battalion attacked to secure Phase Line Kansas, B Company received small arms and automatic weapons fire from the ridge line vicinity CT573122. C Company on Hill 736, CT552109 also received some small arms and automatic weapons fire from vicinity CT599116. The battalion continued its advance, and at 1000 hours, B Company received approximately three (3) rounds of 81mm mortar fire. A Company also received 81mm mortar fire at 1045 hours. The fire was very heavy and was believed to be coming from at least 2 mortars located in the vicinity of CT590118. Artillery and mortar fire were placed on the area and the enemy mortar fire ceased. B Company received heavy small arms and automatic weapons fire from the ridge line in grid squares CT5712 and CT5812. Tank fire was placed on the area with excellent results. A flank patrol from K Company fired on approximately ten (10) enemy in the vicinity of CT588118, killing one while the remainder fled to the north. At 1115 hours, B Company received heavy fire from two (2) machine guns located in the vicinity of CT 565120. The enemy fire ceased when friendly artillery and mortar fire were placed on the area. Artillery was also plaoed on an estimated enemy platoon at 1500 hours, located in vicinity CT595126.

The 2d Battalion sent a patrol to Hill 775 CT603108, but due to the steepness of the terrain leading up to the hill, the patrol had to move around it to the northwest. The patrol went to CT600120 and returned at approximately 1730 hours reporting no enemy contact. Another 2d Battalion patrol departed at 0930 hours. At 1020 hours the patrol received small arms automatic weapons and some 60mm mortar fire. The small arms fire and automatic weapons fire were coming from an estimated enemy squad on Hill 823, CT631108, while the mortar fire was coming from an area north of thie hill in the vicinity CT633115. The patrol believed the enemy squad on Hill 823 was a warning squad for the enemy located on Hill 951. When artillery and mortar fire were placed on Hill 823, the enemy retreated to the north, and the hill was secured at 1100 hours. The patrol then moved off Hill 823 towards Hill 951, CT637128. Whlle approaching this hill, they received small arms, automatic weapons and machine gun fire from an estimated enemy company dug in on the ridge line leading to Hill 951. Artillery and mortar fire were placed on the area. The patrol was ordered to break contact at 1125 hours. (See Incl II, Sub-Incl 7, Annex A).

The enemy casualties for the period were estimated at 15 KIA and 41 WIA.

More Chinese transmissions were monitored during thia period. They dealt with a shortage of food in one enemy unit, and activities of other units. (See Incl II, SubIncl 7, Annex A).

1st Battalion reported that towards the close of this period A Company forward observer fired on some enemy vehicles moving north, destroying one (1). They also fired on an estimated enemy company, with the result that there were 75 KIA, 50 WIA reported.

During the night of 7 April, A and B Companies received intermittent mortar fire believed to be coming from vicinity CT575138. At 0145 hours, 8 April, the forward observer with A Company observed twenty-five (25) enemy on whom he brought artillery fire. FO estimated there were 20 enemy KIA and 5 enemy WIA from this fire.

On 8 April both the 1st and 2d Battalions patrolled aggressively to their front, while the 3d Battalion remained in regimental reserve.

The 1st Battalion sent out three (3) patrols, one (1) an armored patrol. All patrols ran into enemy fire, mostly small arms and automatic fire with some mortar fire. One 1st Battalion patrol in vicinity of Hill 273 estimated that there were approximately two (2) enemy companies in the area, including those enemy on Hill 273. The armored patrol ran into small arms and mortar fire from both sides of the road vicinity CT590147. While in the vicinity of CT588138 one tank had a track blown off by a CCF who placed a bangalore torpedo. The enemy soldier was killed along with three (3) other CCF soldiers who were covering for him. The crippled tank was retrieved by the patrol which returned at 1300 hours.

The 2d Battalion sent out 2 patrols, one of which returned reporting no enemy activity. The other patrol ran into enemy small arms, automatic weapons and machine gun fire from ridge line at CT589120. It was estimated that there were two (2) enemy platoons dug in along the ridge line. Mortar fire was believed to be coming from CT595122. The patrol broke contact and returned. Artillery fire was placed with good results. (See Incl II, Sub-Incl 8, Annex A).

At 1215 hours, C Company received six (6) rounds of heavy artillery fire of unknown caliber, believed to have come from Hill 725, CT550138.

Estimate of enemy casualties during the period was 30 KIA (5 counted) and 58 WIA.

When the two (2) infantry patrols from the 1st Battalion returned, it was discovered that three (3) men were missing from the patrol which went to Hill 273. 0ne (1) was brought in by the tank patrol, and another patrol went out after the other two (2) men who were found to be wounded. TLO agents reported enemy using mines to impede progress on roads. A Ranger patrol went out to set up an ambush at the close of this period.

Division G-2 notified S-2 that through a radio intercept it was learned that the enemy knew of the gap between the British and our unit and they expected them to try to exploit same. It was expected that the enemy would attack late in the night of 8 April. (See Incl III, Sub Incl 8).

On 9 April, the enemy strength was again estimated at two (2) well dug in battalions to the 21st Infantry’s immediate front. They were believed to be still capable of defense in the area and local counterattacks.

The 1st and 2d Battalions continued aggressive patrolling to the north during this period. All 1st Battalion patrols, including an armored patrol, received enemy fire. The fire was returned, resulting in an estimated 42 enemy killed (22 counted) and 35 wounded. The 2d Battalion patrols returned the fire, and placed artillery on the areas, they estimated 44 enemy killed (22 counted and 40 wounded. (See Incl II, Sub-Incl 9, Annex A).

The TLO agents picked up by the 1st Battalion 8 April reported that civilians stated main body of CCF had moved out to new locations on 6 April. They also observed what may have been a mine field on the road from CT587135 to 200 yards south of CT587135. (See Incl III, Sub-Incl 9).

At 1130 hours, 9 April, Division G-2 reported that air observers had observed the gates of the Hwachon Dam had been opened, flooding the Pukhan River. G-2 requested immediate notification of any significant enemy action in this area, since it could mean a large scale attack. (See Incl III, Sub-Incl 9).

At the beginning of the period, the enemy strength was still estimated at two (2) well dug in enemy battalions. The 1st Battalion, 360th Regiment, 120th Division, 40th CCF Army, 4th Field Army was later identified through PW interrogation.

The 1st and 2d Battalions again engaged in aggressive patrolling to search out enemy locations and capture a prisoner if possible. At 0215 hours 10 April, a ten (10) man enemy patrol managed to infiltrate behind E Company. The enemy was armed with M-1’s, sub-machine guns and hand grenades. In a sharp fire fight which lasted for approximately 10 minutes, the enemy was driven off to the north. One (1) enemy soldier was wounded and captured. At approximately 0525 hours, E Company observed nine (9) enemy, believed to be remainder of the enemy patrol that had infiltrated behind them, in vicinity of CT590114, and placed fire on the enemy who withdrew to the north at 0630 hours.

The 1st Battalion sent one (1) patrol out to search out the enemy, and had two (2) other patrols in a blocking position. The two (2) blocking patrols received enemy mortar fire, while the other patrol received heavy small arms, automatic weapons and mortar fire. The patrol withdrew and placed artillery and mortar fire on the enemy. When our fire was lifted, the patrol again moved forward, and again ran into heavy enemy fire. It was estimated there were approximately three (3) enemy platoons, well dug in from CT562126 to CT569129. The patrol also estimated two (2) other enemy platoons, dug in and armed with small arms, automatic weapons and machine guns, faced them. The 2d Battalion patrols observed twenty (20) enemy in vicinity of ridge south of Hill 951 while supporting an Australian patrol with mortar fire. Both patrols returned at approximately 1630 hours. (See Incl II, Sub-Incl 10, Annex A).

Enemy casualties for the Period were estimated at 10 KIA and 15 WIA.

Interrogation of the wounded CCF soldier captured by E Company 10 April revealed that his company CP was located about one (1) mile north of E Company’s position in a valley. The company had two (2) mortars, caliber unknown, and two (2) rocket launchers. He also stated that each man had five (5) or six (6) hand grenades and all the riflemen had M-1 rifles. He said there were about 10,000 CCF to the 21st front. He had not seen any artillery. See Incl III, Sub-Incl 10).

At the beginning of this period, the enemy strength had been estimated at one regiment, well dug in, supported by mortars and capable of defending the high ground he now holds or launching limited objective counterattacks, especially at night, to retain or regain key terrain features.

On 11 April the 2d and 3d Battalions moved forward in the attack. The 1st Battalion was pulled back into reserve. During the night of 10 April, the 1st Battalion received approximately ten (10) rounds of 81mm mortar fire.

The 2d Battalion pressed forward against an estimated two (2) enemy companies, well dug in and armed with small arms, automatic weapons and machine guns, and well supported by artillery and mortar fire. Many times, E Company’s advance was held up by heavy enemy small arms and automatic weapons fire. Artillery and mortar fire were placed on the enemy positions, but each time E Company started moving forward again, the enemy resumed fire. F Company also was held up by enemy small arms and automatic weapons fire, as well as some mortar fire. Both F and E Companies also received some artillery and mortar fire while trying to dislodge the well-entrenched enemy.

The 3d Battalion was brought under heavy enemy fire as they moved forward. I Company placed artillery and mortar fire on the enemy positions, but when our fire was lifted and I Company moved forward again, they encountered fifteen (15) CCF who had moved into positions I Company had left in order to place the artillery and mortar fire. Again I Company pulled back and placed tank, artillery and 75mm recoilless rifle fire on the enemy. I Company moved forward again and as they neared the top of their objective, the enemy counterattacked with two (2) platoons armed with small arms, grenades and automatic weapons. The enemy withdrew to the reverse slope of the hill, and I Company also withdrew to tie in for the night. Artillery fire was placed on the hill and its reverse slope. L Company also received heavy enemy fire from bunkers vicinity CT564127. Contact was broken by L company at 1415 hours. Artillery and mortar fire were placed on the areas. It was estimated that the 3d Battalion faced at least an enemy battalion, supported by mortar, artillery and armed with small arms, automatic weapons and machine guns and grenades. Enemy casualties for the period were estimated at 65 KIA and 230 WIA. (See Incl II, Sub-Incl 11, Annex A).

The 2d and 3d Battalions again moved forward on 12 April to seize and secure Line A during the period. The estimated enemy strength facing the battalions was one regiment, well dug in and supported by artillery and mortars.

As the 2d Battalion advanced, F Company was pinned down at 0615 hours by intense enemy small arms and automatic weapons fire, as well as mortar and rifle grenade fire. Artillery and mortar fire were placed on the enemy positions. F Company continued the advance, and moved up the ridge leading to the top of the hill. Here they received some mortar fire and light small arms and automatic weapons fire. At 1500 hours, as a squad from F Company reached the top of the hill, they observed fifteen (15) CCF soldiers dug in on the eastern top of the hill. This undoubtedly was a suicide group since there was no way down from the hill at that point. Small arms and mortar fire were placed and the fifteen (15) CCF soldiers were killed as the hill was secured, The 3d Battalion moved forward, and at 0900 hours I Company ran into intense small arms, automatic weapons and machine gun fire from an estimated enemy company well dug in at CT576131 and the ridge to the north. I Company moved forward as artillery and mortar fire were placed on these enemy positions. Leading elements of I Company got to within 50 yards of the objective, but a heavy concentration of enemy fire forced them to withdraw. Contact was broken and tank, artillery and mortar fire were placed on the hill. At 1445 hours, an airstrike was also placed on the area with unknown results. The enemy was believed to be getting reinforcements from CT575135. There were amall groups of from three to five enemy seen moving south from CT575135 during the day. K Company secured Objective 11 from an estimated six (6) enemy at 0945 hours. As K Company moved forward they received heavy small arms automatic weapons fire and a heavy mortar barrage. The fire came from an estimated two (2) enemy platoons in the vicinity of CT564135 and an estimated enemy company at CT568132. K Company withdrew and artillery and mortar fire were placed on the area. Both I and K Companies received fire from mortars and some 75mm recoilless rifle fire during the day. Estimated enemy casualtiee for the period were 100 KIA (15 counted) and 245 WIA.

During the period 13 April, the 3d Battalion engaged in aggressive patrol action, while the 2d Battalion sent one (1) company into the attack. At 0045 hours, a ten (10) man enemy patrol made a probing attack against I Company, vicinity CT576125. Small arms and mortar fire were placed on the enemy and they withdrew to the north at 0100 hours.

The 2d Battalion dispatched an E Company patrol to Line A. The patrol returned at 0730 hours, reporting no enemy activity. G Company moved forward to seize-secure Objective 16, and ran into small arms, automatic weapons and mortar fire. It was estimated there were two (2) enemy platoons dug in there. Artillery and mortar fire were placed on the enemy, and G Company moved forward, seized and secured tbe objective at 1540 hours.

The 3d Battalion sent out patrols from L, K and I Companles. All patrols ran into heavy enemy fire. The I Company patrol reported that the enemy seemed determined to hold Objective 18. The patrol received a counterattack from an estimated one hundred (100) enemy from Objective 18. The enemy used small arms, automatic weapons, mortar fire and bangalore torpedoes. The patrol stated the bangalore topedoes must have been catapulted somehow due to the distance they covered. The patrol withdrew down the hill, and engaged the enemy until 1500 hours. In the meantime, artillery and mortar fire and tank fire were placed on the enemy on Objectives 18 and 12A, with good results. It was estimated there were two (2) squads of enemy on Objective 12A and at least a reinforced enemy company on Objective 18. The enemy casualties for the period were estimated at 25 KIA and 70 WIA. (See Incl II, Sub-Incl 13).

During the period also, the air observers reported many enemy positions and scattered groups of enemy. (See Incl II, Sub-Incl 13, Annex A).

The 3d Battalion captured one CCF soldier during this period who stated that he was from the Machine Gun Company, 2d Battalion, 360th Regiment, 120th Division, 40th CCF Army, 4th Field Army. He stated there were 120 men in his unit, rifle companies have 50 men each and that there are about 275 men in his battalion. The battalion had 8 MGs, 1500 rounds of ammunition for each gun, 2 bazookas with 26 rounds, one 57mm recoilless rifle with 17 rounds of ammunition and 4 60mm mortars. He had seen three large guns of unknown caliber emplaced about 2 miles east of where he was dug in. He knew no other locations of units. He had been told by his battalion commander that the CCF would start a big counterattack during the month of April and that they would have many planes and tanks. (See Incl III, Sub-Incl 13, Annex A).

Division G-2 relayed a message from Headquarters Eighth Army in reference to the attack mentioned above by the PW. They wanted everyone to be particularly alert for aircraft and armored offensives. (See Incl III, Sub-Incl 13).

On 14 April the 3d Battalion attacked to secure objectives on Line A while the 2d Battalion sent aggressive patrols forward of Line A.

The enemy strength was estimated at one (1) regiment, well dug in and supported by artillery and mortar.

During the night of 13 April, the 19th Infantry Regiment turned four (4) PWs over to the 3d Battalion. The 3d Battalion sent one (1) PW through medical channels since he had been wounded, and the others were sent back for interrogation. The PWs stated the mission of their unit was to defend until the death. They stated they have had no resupply of ammunition since 20 March, that morale was low and that they had two (2) 60mm mortars with the platoon and two (2) HMG’ s in their battalion. They said they had not seen any big guns, or tanks. They were a part of a group of 110 replacements who arrived in Korea 20 March. Their unit was: Mortar Platoon, 8th Company, 3d Battalion, 355th Regiment, 118th Division, 42d Army, 3d Field Army. (See Incl III, Sub-Incl 14).

The 2d Battalion sent three (3) patrols forward of Line A. The patrols went to the north, east and west, two (2) of them making contact with the enemy, Artillery and mortar fire were brought to bear on the enemy who dispersed to the north. The patrols returned reporting no further enemy activity.

The 3d Battalion attacked to seize Objectives 12A and 18. I Company ran into heavy enemy small arms, automatic weapons and mortar fire while trying to seize Objeotlve 12A, but the objective was finally secured at 1115 hours. K Company received heavy small arms, automatic weapons and mortar fire from the enemy while moving onto Objective 18. Artillery and mortar fire were placed on the enemy company which was dug in on Objective 19. As K Company moved forward towards Objective 19 along the ridge, the enemy fire increased, and K Company held up while artillery and mortar fire were placed on the enemy. After our fire was lifted K Company assaulted Objective 19, killing ten (10) enemy believed to be a suicide element left behind to delay the attack. Objective was secured at 1325 hours. In the meantime, L Company was attacking Objective 18. They drew heavy fire from the enemy, and observed 200 enemy moving north in vicinity grid square CT5715. Artillery fire was placed on this group with good results. I Company aided L Company in the assault on Objectlve 18. Both companies received intense small arms and automatic weapons fire and about 1625 hours, Objective 18 was secured except for thirty (30) enemy on the reverse slope of the objective. After being engaged in close fighting with hand grenades and in some cases, hand to hand fighting this resistance also ceased. It was estimated there were about 100 enemy in that area. As the enemy retreated, artillery fire was placed on them. The enemy casualties for the period were estimated at 92 KIA and 159 WIA. For the 3d Battalion alone, there were approximately 75 KIA enemy, and 135 WIA. (See Incl II, Sub-Incl 14, Annex A).

On 15 April, the 2d and 3d Battalions continued to press the attack. The enemy strength was still estimated at one regiment well dug in and supported by artillery and mortars. Through a PW interrogation, the 3d Battalion, 360th Regiment, 120th Division, 40th Army Corps, 4th Field Army was identified. Enemy casualties for the period were estimated at 96 KIA (32 counted), 280 WIA and 3 PWs.

As the 2d Battalion advanced on 15 April, E Company received small arms and automatic weapons fire. It placed tank fire on the area and continued the advance. E Company received some sniper fire from vicinity CT591150 and at 1345 hours they observed five (5) enemy in that area. At 1420 hours, E Company received heavy small arms, automatic weapons and machine gun fire, and mortar fire. The fire was coming from Objective 29, and the mortar fire was believed to be comlng from the reverse slope of the Objective. Company F was converging on that objective and they too received fire. As both companies continued to advance, artillery and mortar fire were placed on the area. At 1700 hours, both companies were still advancing against stiff enemy resistance, estimated to be at least of company size and supported by 82mm mortars. In addition to the fire coming from Objective 29, the 2d Battalion also received fire from CT592144 and CT(6)39141. In the meantime, G Company secured Objective 30 although they received heavy mortar fire from CT600149 and CT639141.

The 3d Battalion received several enemy probing attacks during the night of 14-15 Apri1 but all attacks were dispersed by artillery and mortar fire. At 0925 hours 15 April, I Company received ten (10) rounds of 82mm mortar fire. Later, I Company observed some enemy movement at CT562168 and CT556181 and placed artillery on it, results unknown. As the company continued advancing on Objective 32, it received heavy small arms and automatic weapons fire and 82mm mortar fire from an estimated enemy company. Artillery and mortar fire were placed on the enemy as I Company continued the advance. At 1330 hours, I Company again assaulted the hill, seized it and secured the objective shortly after. K Company secured Objective l9A and received small arms, automatic weapons and some mortar fire from vicinity CT567167. Artillery was placed on the area and firing ceased. L Company received small arms, automatic weapons and machine gun fire from Objective 33 and Objective 33A. Fire was more intense from 33A. Artillery and mortar fire were placed on these objectives, but L Company continued receiving sporadic mortar fire, along with the small arms and automatic weapons fire. M Company also received long range sniper fire. Enemy withdrew this time before artillery and mortar fire could be brought to bear. (See Incl II, 3ub-Incl 15, Annex A).

A message was received from Division G-2 about a Korean laborer who might possibly be an enemy agent. Laborer had disappeared from an unidentified I Corps unit labor group. (See Incl III, Sub-Incl 15).

On 16 April, through a PW interrogation the 7th Company, 1st Battalion, 360th Regiment, 120th Division, 40th Army Corps, 4th Field Army was identified. The enemy strength was estimated at one (1) regiment. The 2d and 3d Battalions contlnued to move forward in the attack while the 1st Battalion remained in regimental reeerve. Enemy casualties for the period were estimated at 69 KIA (21 counted) and 193 WIA.

In the early morning hours of 16 April E Company received about seven (7) rounds of 82mm mortar fire. At 0730 houre, both E and F Companies jumped off in the attack. Both companies encountered stiff enemy fire all during the attack. E Company attacked and secured Objective 29 at 0820 hours, but when they attempted to move againat Objective 31A they ran into intense enemy small arms, automatic weapons and machine gun fire from this objective and the ridge running to Objective 31. The advance was slow. Friendly artillery and mortar fire were placed but tbe enemy fire continued without decrease. Company F meanwhile, ran into stiff enemy fire from an estimated enemy company well dug in on Objectlve 31. Artillery and mortar fire were placed but when F Company broke contact at 1645 hours to tie in for the night, the enemy still held Objective 31. (See Incl II, Sub-Incl 16, Annex A).

The 3d Battalion moved forward in the attack with I and L Companies moving against Objectlve 33, and K Company against Objective 32. As I Company moved forward, the enemy fire became intense. Artillery was placed on the objective, and the company moved forward again. Later the enemy fire became so intense that it succeeded in pinning down I Company. Again artillery and mortar fire were placed and the enemy fire lessened. I Company staged the final assault on the objective together with L company, and at 1325 hours, Objective 33 was secured. During this time, L Company had been receiving small arms, automatic weapons and mortar fire, and when the objective had been secured it was estimated that there had been an enemy company on the objective. Company K meanwhile, had been advancing against Objective 32A. Although they received small arms, automatic weapons and some mortar fire, the objective was secured at 1130 hours under cover of friendly artillery and mortar fire. (See Incl II, Sub-Incl 16, Annex A).

The PW interrogated during this period surrendered to C Company. He stated that he was from the medical unit of the 360th Reglment, 120th Division, 40th Army Corps, 4th Field Army. Mission of division unknown, but mission of regiment was to defend line till death. His regimental CP was at Topyong-ni, CT583130 for 45 days, then moved to Paegun-san, CT640145 and had been there for 17 days. (See Incl III, Sub-Incl 16).

The 2d and 3d Battalions continued the attack on 17 April. Elements of the 2d Battalion seized and secured Objective 31 and the area to the left and right flanks, reporting no enemy contact. A patrol was sent out but it received intense small arms and automatic weapons fire from an unknown number of enemy on Objective 34. The patrol then withdrew from the area.

The 3d Battalion continued the attack. During the night of 16 April, L Company’s outpost was attacked by an estimated 100 enemy armed with small arms and automatic weapons. Enemy came from Hill 410. Outposts withdrew to the main defensive positions and artillery and mortar fire were placed on the enemy, causing them to withdraw. K Company also received a few rounds of mortar fire about 2235 hours. At 0500 hours 17 April, the 3d Battalion received some sniper fire. At 0700 hours, an air observer reported 100 enemy on Objective 37 and an airstrike was placed with excellent results. During the morning 17 April, the 3d Battalion called for artillery on several groups of enemy with unknown results. A patrol sent from I Company to Objective 38 reached the objective at 1430 hours. It returned reporting no enemy activity. (See Incl II, Sub-Incl 17).

The enemy strength was estimated at one (1) regiment during this period. Enemy casualties for the period were estimated at 40 KIA (2 counted) and 119 WIA. There was one prisoner captured during the period. He stated that he was from the 3d Battalion, 14th Regiment (probably code), ll9th Division, 40th Army Corps, 4th Field Army. Prisoner stated the 40th Corps received some AA guns, vehicle mounted, from Russia, but he had not seen them. He stated that he had seen some Russian soldiers and big guns in Manchuria, also some large Russian tanks in Andong, Manchurla but none in Korea. (See Incl II, Sub-Incl 17, Annex A).

During this period, the Division G-2 sent a message stating that the 18th and 19th Artillery Groups were reported as havlng new type Russian equipment and also that it was partly mechanized. G-2 wanted reports as soon as new equipment was encountered. (See Incl III, Sub-Incl 17).

At 1730 hours 17 April, a CCF soldier surrendered to K Company. He stated he had been captured by the Communist forces last July when he was with the Nationalist forces. He stated he bad seen some tanks in Pyongyang but there were many more in Manchuria to be used in the forthcoming May offensive. His unit, the 60mm mortar platoon, 5th Company, 2d Battalion 355th Regiment, 119th Division, 40th Corps, 4th Field Army had been withdrawing approximately 2 miles every day for the last 10 days. He stated that the Russians were supposed to give the CCF 500 planes for the offensive and that a General Chong was to bring six (6) Corps from Manchuria as reinforcements. Also stated the 120th and 119th Regiments are on the line while the 118th Regiment is in reserve about 18 miles to the rear. (See Incl III, Sub-Incl 17).

On 18 Aprll the 2d and 3d Battalions continued the attack to seize and secure objectives on Phase Line Utah. The 1st Battalion remained in reserve.

The 2d Battalion sent F Company forward but they received small arms and automatic weapons fire from vicinity CT622195. Artillery was placed and F Company continued forward. As F Company continued the attack, they received small arms, automatic weapons and mortar fire from Objective 35 from an estimated enemy company. Utilizing close in artillery and mortar support, F Company continued the advance. At 1330 hours, as F Company reached the top of the objective, the enemy fire increased in intensity, forcing the company to withdraw. Artillery was placed on the objective but F Company continued to receive enemy fire.

The 3d Battalion reported that at 2310 hours 17 April, a ten (10) man enemy patrol made probing attacks against K Company’s positions. Artillery was placed and the enemy withdrew. At 0045 hours 18 April, forty (40) to fifty (50) enemy attacked L Company’s positions with small arms and hand grenades. The enemy withdrew when artillery and small arms fire were placed on them. Company I received long range small arms and automatic weapons fire at 1105 hours but the enemy fire ceased when artillery was placed on the area. (See Incl II, Sub-Incl 18, Annex A).

During this period a North Korean guerrilla was captured by the 3d Battalion. He stated that when the CCF came into the area of Chongam-ni, where his guerrilla band was organized and had been hiding, they disarmed the guerrillas.

The group moved out after a few days, but he remained behind due to illness. (See Incl III, Sub-Incl 18).

Just prior to the close of the period, a 3d Battalion communication jeep ran into an ambush by six (6) people dressed in white and suffered one (1) killed, one (1) wounded. A patrol from 3d Battalion brought the casualties in but could not locate the enemy. (See Incl III, Sub-Incl 18, Annex A).

On 19 April the 2d and 3d Battalions consolidated their positions on Phase Llne Utah. It was estimated that the enemy strength during this period was still one regiment, well dug in, supported by artillery and mortars. (See Incl II, Sub-Incl 19, Annex A).

Company K took sixteen (16) enemy under fire as they were moving northwest from vicinity CT609200, killing four (4) and wounding nine (9). (See Incl III, Sub-Incl 19).

During the period 20 April, elements of the regiment were in the process of being relieved by the 5th RCT. At 0200 hours, six (6) to ten (10) enemy, believed to be stragglers, attacked an E Company outpost from the rear in the vicinity of CT618202, killing one (1) man and capturing one (1) other. The 3d Battalion sent a patrol to Hill 565. The patrol observed one CCF soldier who ran down the reverse slope of the hill as the patrol approached. They also found some freshly dug holes, and stores of rice and bran which they destroyed by burning.

On the 21st of April, all units of the 21st Infantry Regiment were placed in Division Reserve. The regiment continued in reserve during the period of 22 April, but at 2300 hours, L Company was ordered to assist K Company of the 19th Infantry which was under attack.

The 1st and 3d Battalions of the 21st Infantry Regiment were ordered into defensive positions on Phase Line Kansas on the 23d of April. There was no major enemy contact throughout the period although towards the close of the period, a ten (10) man enemy patrol attempted to disable the tanks attached to the 3d Battalion. (See Incl III, Sub-Incl 23).

The 1st and 3d Battalions occupied defensive positions on Phase Line Kansas at the start of the period 23 April.

There was no mayor enemy contact throughout the period although towards the close of the period, a ten (10) man enemy patrol attempted to disable the tanks attached to the 3d Battalion. (See Incl III, Sub-Incl 23).

The 1st and 3d Battalions occupied defensive positions on Phase Line Kansas at the start of the period 23 April. An estimated enemy regiment and elements of a second was entrenched directly to the 21st Infantry front, supported by mortars and artillery. Through PW interrogations, the 1st Battalion, 180th Regiment, 60th Division, 20th CCF Corps, 3d Field Army was identified. The total enemy casualties for the period were estimated 290 KIA (6 counted), 492 WIA, and 3 PW’s.

During the period, both the 1st and 3d Battalions were subjected to small enemy probing attacks with the enemy being driven off or dispersed each time. At 0730 hours, a 1st Battalion CP reported approximately 300 enemy in the vicinity CT550137 and another 100 at CT548124. Air and artillery fire were placed but the results were unknown. C Company observed ten (10) enemy trying to set up a mortar in the vicinity of CT558118, and called artillery fire on same. The mortar was knocked out and the enemy dispersed, but a short time later, ten (10) more enemy attempted to set up another mortar in the same vicinity. Artillery was again placed on the area and the mortar destroyed and the enemy dispersed. A company observed an estimated enemy company in the vicinity of CT552124 and called for artillery, dispersing them. At 1445 hours, a 1st Battalion OP reported an estimated enemy company on Hill 577. This company later pinned down the left flank of the 1st Battalion with a heavy concentration of small arms and automatic weapons fire. Artillery was called in and the enemy driven off Hill 577. (See Incl II, Sub-Incl 24, Annex A).

Two armored patrols were sent out and both reported running into heavy enemy fire. One patrol destroyed a 105mm gun, and killed an eetimated 75 enemy who attempted to knock out the patrol with pole and satchel charges. The other patrol ran into heavy small arms automatic weapons and some 120mm mortar fire. The patrol observed approximately 30O enemy dug in at various points and brought tank and machine gun fire to bear on them with excellent results. On the return trip, some enemy attempted to place bangalore torpedoes on the tanks, but were fired on. This resulted in six (6) enemy being killed, and the rest dispersed. (See Inc1 II, Sub-Incl 24, Annex A).

The 3d Battalion picked up 3 PW’s during this period who stated that they were part of a group of 110,000 replacements just arrived in Korea. They also stated that the Headquarters of the 3d Field Army was in shanghai, but that six (6) Corps of the 3d Field Army had been sent to Korea as replacements and that there were supposed to be 200,000 more coming to Korea as replacements. The mission of their regiment was to attack as much as possible. None of the prisoners had seen any tanks or horse cavalry. (See Inc1 III, Sub-Incl 24).

The 1st and 3d Battalions occupied Phase Line Delta, and although there was little contact to give an accurate picture of the enemy strength, reports from adjacent and higher units indicated that there was at least one (1) enemy regiment building up directly to the front of the 21st Infantry during this period. It was concluded that the enemy was capable of continuing the attack during the night, utilizing one infantry regiment supported by mortars, or infiltrating trained groups to seek out and attack friendly mortar and artillery positions and set up roadblocks on key terrain features along the 21st Infantry MSR.

During this period, despite heavy airstrikes and friendly artillery, the enemy continued to build up to the front. At 1900 hours 24 Aprll, K Company was attacked by an estimated 200 enemy, but the attack was broken by tank and artillery fire. At 2015 hours, the 3d Battalion was receiving artillery and mortar fire, which increased in intensity in those areas where the enemy was about to attack. The enemy again launched an attack against K Company, which was also stopped. At 0045 hours 25 April; the I&R Platoon which had been put out as a regimental listening post reported an unestimated number of enemy skirting the right flank of the 3d Battalion. Artillery was placed, but the results were unknown. The enemy attacks against L and I Companies continued, until 0400 hours, when I Company was attacked on the right flank by an estimated 300 enemy and by two (2) companies from the rear. The 3d Battalion was then ordered to withdraw. The 1st Battalion ordered one (1) platoon from B Company to block for A Company when it sighted an estimated enemy platoon in the rear of A Company to prevent the enemy from cutting off A Company. Artillery and mortar fire were received by the 1st Battalion throughout the night. At 0420 hours, the 1st Battalion was ordered to withdraw. At 0820 hours, both A and C Companies received small arms and automatic weapons fire from the front and left front. Artillery was placed and the withdrawal completed. During the withdrawal, a CCF soldler surrendered himself to A Company. Artillery, mortar and tank fire were placed on vicinity CS560916 when the left flank of the 1st Battalion received small arms and automatic weapons fire from that area. Enemy casualties for the period were estimated at 500 KIA, 1500 WlA with 1 PW. (See Incl II, Sub-Incl 25, Annex A).

The PW stated that he was from the 1st Company, Reconnaisance Battalion, 20th Corps, 3d Field Army. He stated that in his battalion there were three (3) infantry companies and one (1) Agent Company. He stated that the 20th Corps received the equivalent of two (2) regiment’s of replacements about two (2) months ago near Hamhung. (See Incl II, Sub-Incl 25, Annex A).

The 1st and 3d Battalions remained in defensive positions on Phase Line Delta during the period 26 April, with F Company being committed also.

At 2100 hours 25 April, F Company, being committed to Line Delta, received small arms fire from approximately 15 enemy. Mortar fire was placed on the area and 10 of the enemy were estimated to be killed. An estimated enemy company attacked the left flank of A Company. Artillery, mortar and tank fire was placed on the enemy. Shortly after the attack on A Company, the right flank of K Company was attacked by undetermined number of enemy. Artillery, mortar and tank fire were placed on the enemy. Although the attack lessened, at 2155 hours K Company was still receiving small arms and mortar fire from Hill 245, CS550919. Artillery and mortar fire were placed on the area. At 2200 hours, The attack against A Company increased in intensity with the enemy using small arms, hand grenades, automatic weapons, machine guns and mortar fire. The right flank of K Company was also receiving heavy enemy fire at the same time. The enemy was trying to force a breakthrough between the 1st and 3d Battalions at the tie-in point. An estimated 200 enemy attacked L Company front at the same time. L Company was forced to withdraw from their positions at 0130 hours 26 April as they received small arms and automatic weapons fire from their left flank and left rear. The main frontal attack settled down to sporadic firing and intermittent mortar fire. At 0300 hours approximately 300 enemy attacked C Company’s positions, and although the attack was contained, thirty-five (35) enemy infiltrated and overran C Company’s mortar positions. C Company remained in position on Hill 503 until ordered to pull back to straighten out the knee. Contact with the enemy was continuous throughout the day as the battalions withdrew according to orders.

The enemy exerted heavy pressure throughout most of the period, but as the battalions disengaged, enemy pressure decreased. The enemy did not seem too concerned with following up the withdrawal of our forces. Throughout the day, reports were received of enemy locations, and numbers of enemy troops observed. (See Incl II, Sub-Incl 26, Annex A).

During this period there were 3 PW’s taken. They stated that they came from the 173d and 174th Regiment, 58th Division, 20th Corps, 3d Field Army and one from the 3d Regiment, 67th Division, 20th Army Corps, 3d Field Army. The enemy casualties for the period were estimated at 630 WIA, 3 PW’s and 288 KIA (80 counted). (See Incl III, Sub Incl 26).

During the period 27 April, the 1st and 3d Battalions were enroute to new defensive positions on Phase Line Delta. The 2d Battalion received a heavy attack in the E Company sector. Mortar fire was received by the 2d Battalion at approximately 0530 hours. At about 0550 hours, 500 enemy attacked along 2d Battalion’s front, with heavy concentrations of small arms, automatic weapons and grenade fire. Artillery and mortar fire contained the attack, although fifteen (15) enemy managed to infiltrate between and F Companles. F Company maneuvered to high ground on the flank, placed small arms and mortar fire on this enemy, killing all fifteen (15). The enemy to the front withdrew, and placed small arms, automatic weapons and light mortar fire on the 2d Battalion until 1445 hours when contact was broken as the regiment withdrew to the next defense line. (See Incl II, Sub-Incl 27, Annex A).

During the period, F Company captured a wounded CCF soldier, who stated he came from the north with 50 others, armed with small arms and 2 light machine guns. He could not point out the route they used on the map, but stated there were many CCF troops following them down. The PW was so badly wounded that he could not be fully interrogated. (See Incl II, Sub-Incl 27, Annex A).

The enemy strength during the period was not estimated. Enemy casualties were estimated at 311 KIA (211 counted), 900 WIA and 1 prisoner. (See Incl II, Sub-Incl 27, Annex A).

The wounded PW identified the Reconnaissance Battalion, 20th Corps to the 21st Infantry front.

On 28 April, the 21st Infantry Regiment continued the withdrawal to the South. There was no enemy contact reported during the period. A civilian report to the 19th ROK Regiment I&R Platoon, relayed to S-2, estimated 2000 CCF moving south to the vicinity of CS612773 and an unknown number moving south to the vicinity of CS620770. During the period, a message from 8th Army Headquarters requested that every effort be made to identify the caliber of enemy artillery, the rate of fire, and number of enemy rounds received. (See Incl III, Sub-Incl 28).

During the period 29 April, contact with the enemy was confined to long range fire. Artillery and tank fire were placed on an estimated 100 enemy observed by the A Company FO at Namha-ri, CS550660, and fire was also placed on enemy groups of 5-10 seen moving up ridges in the vicinity of CS545554. The casualties were estimated at 6 KIA and 19 WIA for the period. A refugee reported to the 1st Battalion that a large number of CCF troops were digging in at Chong-pyongchong, CS601764. There were also many CCF digging in on Hills 280, CS555698; 373, CS548709 and 277, CS557718. An air observer also have reports of enemy observed moving south in various areas. (See Incl II, Sub-Incl 29, Annex A).

On 30 April, the 1st and 2d Battalions remained in defensive positions, while the 3d Battalion continued in reserve. Combat patrols were sent out to contact the enemy, but the majority of the patrols returned reporting no enemy contact.

The 1st Battalion sent three patrols out to contact the enemy, including 1 armored patrol. The tanks placed fire on two (2) small groups of enemy, with good results. Both infantry patrols, returned reporting small groups of enemy seen, and one (1) group taken under fire by one of the patrols. The enemy casualties for the period were estimated at 4 KIA and 11 WIA. There was no estimate of enemy strength made, nor were there any new enemy unit identifications during the period.

An ROK TLO agent reported that civilians questioned by him stated that the enemy seemed to be moving north. There were 300 CCF in the village north of CS6076 armed only with small arms. The civilian also reported that 2000 CCF entered Kapyong on 28 April. (See Incl II, Sub-Incl 30, Annex A).

The period closed with the 21st Infantry Regiment remainlng in defensive positions, and sending combat patrols to contact and develop the enemy’s strength and positions. The regiment was in the vicinity of Kajong-ni, Korea at the close of the period.